The Layon



barque sur le Layon  

The Layon was canalised during the XVIIIth century to make it navigable in order to carry the coal from St Georges Chatelaison, today known as St Georges sur Layon.


It is the Count of Anjou, Louis XVI future Louis XVIII's brother, who authorized this construction, giving the name of "Canal de Monsieur", Monsieur being the King's brother.





The aim was to build locks to keep a constant leval of the water. The Plates de Loire" with boat decks allowed the carrying of coal in the hold, and the wine on the deck.



The trade was mainly made by the Dutch, specialists in channels. They carried the wine in the Loire's harbors to distribute the British Court wich is today the Bénélux.